Sprint Training Plans Book
Speed workouts for track and field will include several factors for the coach and athlete. Everyone is looking for the magic workout or the one key to success in the top programs.
Acceleration versus Max Velocity
Acceleration is the ability to move from a resting position; measured by a change in velocity per unit of time.
Maximum velocity is top end speed. The highest velocities in training for a short period of time = absolute speed (USATF, 2015).
Weekly Training Outline and Guidelines
Running speed is a combination of stride length and stride frequency. Both stride length and stride frequency are dependent on the anatomical features and physiological state (metabolic, muscular, and neural) of the athlete.
Acceleration mechanics and maximum velocity sprint mechanics are different movement patterns; training must emphasize the proper running form based on the training objectives.
Acceleration is associated with stride frequency and horizontal force.
Maximum velocity is associated with stride length and vertical force.